Gut bacteria at work in Ruminants

In the human diet, most carbohydrates (carbs) are consumed in the form of sugars and starches; and are immediately converted to simple sugars in the digestive system. Yes, your bread is mostly sugar.

Ruminants (cattle, goats, sheep) are specially adapted to live off ‘cellulose’ which is a type of carb that we humans cannot absorb. Cellulose is a complex carb that provides the structure of plants and we make paper and cardboard from some plant sources. In our diet, we often refer to it as ‘fibre’. Continue reading